Aviation Safety Locus of Control - Military
The Aviation Safety Locus of Control – Military (ASLOC-M) is modeled after the civil version, ASLOC-C. The ASLOC-M was created by drafting a set of 89 items in which each of the items consisted of a statement regarding the extent to which the outcome of events is determined by internal and external factors (for example, skill versus luck). The items from the ASLOC-C were modified as required (such as replacing “pilot” with “Aviator”) to make them appropriate for an Army setting. An additional 80 items were also drafted, roughly evenly divided between items indicating a general internal orientation and an external orientation. The items were written to address the dimensions of personal efficacy, influence by others, influence by fate, and the element of luck or chance.
|Number of Items: 89|
|Format: Likert scale: Strongly Agree (5) to Strongly Disagree (1).|
Two scoring methods are reported. One method uses an a priori assignment of items to Internality or Externality factors. The other method uses the results of a principal components analysis.
Scores for all subscales are the sum of the items belonging to the subscale.
For the a priori scales, the scores are computed as follows:
These two commands compute the sums of ALL the internal and external items, based on an a priori review of the items.
Internal = lc1 + lc3 + lc4 + lc6 + lc8 + lc10 + lc11 + lc14 + lc17 + lc19 + lc24 + lc25 + lc30 + lc32 + lc33 + lc34 + lc37 + lc38 + lc41 + lc43 + lc45 + lc46 + lc50 + lc55 + lc62 + lc63 + lc64 + lc65 + lc66 + lc67 + lc68 + lc69 +lc70 + lc71 + lc72 + lc76 + lc77 + lc81.
External = lc2 + lc5 + lc7 + lc9 + lc12 + lc13 + lc15 + lc16 + lc20 + lc21 + lc22 + lc26 + lc27 + lc28 + lc29 + lc31 + lc35 + lc36 + lc39 + lc40 + lc42 + lc44 + lc48 + lc49 + lc51 + lc52 + lc53 + lc54 + lc56 + lc57 + lc58 + lc59 + lc60 + lc61 + lc73 + lc74 + lc75 + lc78 + lc79 + lc80 + lc82 + lc83 + lc84 + lc85 + lc86 + lc87 + lc88 + lc89.
Int_Scal = lc41 + lc70 + lc65
+ lc37+ lc67 + lc11 + lc46 + lc50 + lc63 + lc33 + lc81 + lc38 + lc1 +
lc19 + lc62 .
Ext_Scal = lc52 + lc35 + lc85 + lc61 + lc84 + lc57 + lc87 + lc60 + lc58 + lc56 + lc39 + lc78 + lc88 + lc49 + lc36
To compute the factor scores:
FAC_1 = LC88 + LC87 + (6 - LC55) + LC82 + LC57 + LC52 + LC35 + LC74 + LC49 + (6 - LC62) + LC26 + LC79 + LC78 + LC60 + LC56.
FAC_2 = LC86 + LC39 + LC36
+ LC52 + LC16 + LC5 + LC60 + LC20 + LC53 + LC7 + LC31 + LC12 + LC54 +
LC13 + LC42.
FAC_3 = LC33 + LC50 + LC30 + LC45 + LC37 + LC71 + LC63 + LC66 + LC41 + LC32 + LC47 + LC46 + LC34 + LC70 + LC67.
FAC_4 = LC8 + LC65 + LC4 + LC14 + LC64 + LC11 + LC68 + LC19 + LC46 + LC15 + LC6 + LC10 + LC1 + LC17 + LC41.
FAC_5 = LC83 + LC89 + LC80 + LC78 + LC61 + LC85 + LC84 + LC79 + LC25.
FAC_6 = LC21 + LC22 + LC10 + LC3 + LC27 + LC9 + LC28 + (6 - LC81) + (6 - LC66).
Principal components analyses
were conducted. Inspection of the scree plot suggested a six-component
solution that accounted for 40.8% of the variance was appropriate. These
six components were extracted and rotated, using Varimax to simple structure.
The coefficient alpha reliability indices for the six subscales are: .89, .87, .85, .82, .81, and .60, for the Luck, Externality, Internality, Accident Causality, Fate, and Resignation components, respectively.
Recent accident status was significantly correlated with the a priori Internality score (r = -.19), the Internality Component (r = -.16), the Accident Causality Component (r = -.14), and the Resignation Component (r = .23). However, career accident status was significantly correlated only with the Resignation Component (r = .26). Both recent accident status (r = .26) and career accident status (r = .18) were correlated significantly with the Army-HES. The Army-HES was also significantly correlated (r = .19) with the Externality Component.
A priori Internality and Externality Scores
The 15 items comprising the Internality and Externality scales were summed to create the scale scores. Mean scores for the Internality and Externality scales were 54.94 (SD = 6.92) and 33.00 (SD = 8.27), respectively.
Means and Standard Deviations for the Army-LOC Component Scores.
|Download the scale (Word format)|